Biomass energy is the utilization of organic matter as a source of energy. Due to its wide spectra, biomass contains a wide range of organic matter characterized by it's heterogenity, due to its origin and characteristics.

In the energy context, biomass may be considered as an organic fuel generated in an organic, spontaneous or engineered process. Biomass resource may be grouped in agricultural or forestry products. Organic matter present in wastewater and sludge, as well as the organic residue present in urban and industrial waste may be considered as potential biomass energy sources. 

The valuation of biomass may be done through four basic processes in which it's embodied energy is converted into heat and power: combustion, digestion, anaerobic processes, gasification and pyrolisis.

The principle behind biomass energy with domestic uses is combustion. Combustion refers to the oxidation process of the organic material in presence of oxygen; this reaction releases water and carbonic gas, and may be used for production of domestic heat and hot water (DHW). 


Biomass offers the following domestic applications:

  • Heating of residences
  • Production of DHW and steam
  • Pool climatization
For the industrial sector:

  • Thermal energy production
  • Electrical power generation
  • Biofuel production
  • Biogas production for combustion